Bristol Zoo Gardens Environmental Sustainability Manifesto
The effects of climate change and the consumption of natural resources poses a direct threat to both wildlife and humanity. Zoos and aquariums have an exceptional opportunity to lead by example and encourage their visitors to adopt sustainable practices in their everyday lives.
Bristol Zoo Gardens (BZG) has developed an Environmental Sustainability Manifesto outlining our strategy to improve sustainability dramatically over the next ten years. Using the process of Ordered Retreat (Fig. 1), we have developed a list of 35 environmental key performance indicators (KPIs) to allow us to measure our improvement in seven key areas: carbon, energy, water, travel, waste, procurement and biodiversity.
The Manifesto includes examples of what BZG has already done to reduce our environmental impact. In 2009, against 2008, this included:
• A 66 tCO2 (4.8%) carbon saving
• A 313,380 KWh (7.5%) gas saving (Fig. 2)
• A 1,575 m3 (3.5%) water saving (Fig. 2) A 18,007 KWh (0.7%) electricity saving (Fig. 2)
• A 10 tCO2 (8%) decrease from staff commuting The Manifesto is a tool which we hope zoos and other visitor attractions may use to help understand how to measure and report environmental sustainability.
We hope we can inspire our visitors and peers to make changes that will have impact on the future of our planet and the animals and plants that live on it, and which we work to conserve.