Burrowing in captive juvenile Desertas wolf spiders (Hogna ingens)- 29th Jul, 2022
The Desertas wolf spider (Hogna ingens) is Critically endangered and is part of an EAZA ex-situ programme (EEP), managing the breeding of this species to ensure its survival and to help promote its conservation within zoos. Endemic to Desertas Grande in Madeira, relies on burrows under rocks and crevices for protection.
Studies at Bristol and Whipsnade Zoos investigated substrate preferences and various physical aspects of the environment that might promote burrowing behaviour. It is important that habitat preferences are understood for both captive husbandry and for future reintroductions. Two choice-experiments were conducted to separately investigate preferences for types of soil substrate and the effect of the presence of burrow anchor points, which provide structural support for the burrow, on burrow location. In addition, the effects of the type of substrate and depth of substrate on burrow occurrence were separately investigated. In each study the onset of burrowing and characteristics of the burrow were recorded. Results show that both the type and depth of substrate impacts the construction of burrows. Optimum substrate depth was over 50 mm and lighter, loosely packed substrates were favoured in both studies. The results of a binomial generalised linear model showed that the size of stones and the clutch the spider was born of significantly explained 76% (pseduo-R2=0.76) of the variation in likelihood that a spider would use stones as structural supports (X2; df=1, P>0.001). Husbandry guidelines for this species will be reviewed in the light of these results and evidence will be used to inform future in-situ conservation efforts.
This was a collaborative project conducted, produced, and led by keepers and students at ZSL and Bristol Zoo which was completed in 2018. It has recently been published in JZAR obtaining the front cover image to highlight its importance and significance in the zoo world. It was spot lighted by EAZA showcasing zoo led research in 2021 and has since shaped the way the species is managed not only within ZSL but across the EEP and other zoological collections.
We recently submitted this award to BIAZA and won gold in the research category celebrating the collaborative efforts of both ZSL and Bristol Zoo's work with the worlds most endangered arachnid.
A full paper can be found on the Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research page at Burrowing in captive juvenile Desertas wolf spiders Hogna ingens | Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research (jzar.org)